C/Matures 16-20/Harvest 0-4/Yield 4-26 grain, 12-72 dry biomass/Spacing 5”
Days to Maturity figures are really just for comparing between varieties within a category. Actual days will vary from location to location, depending on garden conditions.
One of the most ancient crops. Wheat is the largest single food crop on earth and perhaps the most versatile. Wheat has been the most sought-after bread grain for centuries because of its high gluten content. Gluten is an unmatched vegetable glue, allowing bread to rise and achieve a light, tender texture. Other grains needs special handling or leaveners to acheieve a light loaf, but all wheat needs is yeast and water.
These wheats are modern compared to the very ancient, sometimes prehistoric, primitive wheats, but in many cases they date back to the 1700's. They were developed to make wheat easier to use; ancient wheat has a tight hull that is hard to remove. None of these wheats are hybrid or GMO. These wheats are the standard for bread making and general flour use. We like these varieties for their high protein content, and their general hardiness & adaptability. Sure yielders. These are easily threshed and therefore are good choices for a home food garden, and to produce carbon for the compost. All are Triticum aestivum.
These wheats are beautiful in the garden, and sometimes people who cannot tolerate modern wheat can eat them. However, are more difficult to thresh than the modern varieties. Most of these heritage grains are very rare and in short supply.
One of the oldest grains in commerce. While it has some gluten, it is a different kind from other wheats and some folks can eat it who can't eat regular wheat. Sweet and delicious in flavor and bakes well. Like other ancient grains, it is hard to thresh, as the hulls stick tightly to the grains. For hulling advice, please see the Homegrown Whole Grains in our book section. Dryland crop but needs a bit more moisutre than Emmer or Einkorn.
Heritage Wheat Conservancy
Helps peasant farmers to collect, conserve, and market the delicious ancient wheats best adapted to organic fields and artisanal breads. You can see their project with Arab and Israeli neighbors farming ancient wheats at www.growseed.org or contact them at 52 Mayflower Hill Dr. Waterville, ME 04004