DESCRIPTION: Formerly Einkorn hornemanii. Einkorn wheat was one of the first plants to be domesticated and cultivated. We have been growing this ancient wheat for years in our research garden. This rare, high-protein wheat (18.3% in an Ecology Action test) has two artistically-bearded seed rows to each seed head, with many seed heads per plant (up to 90 with wider spacings).
Originally a widely cultivated variety in Switzerland, Spain, and the eastern Caucasus. Einkorn has been considered to be a relict crop commercially that was rarely planted tin the U.S., though lately it has found a new market as a health food. Reportedly cultivated 7,500 - 12,000 years ago. A venerable, quality food source.
Einkorn is easier to digest and has valuable fiber that is very beneficial. It has a higher percentage of protein than modern red wheats and is considered more nutritious because it has also higher levels of fat, phosphorus, potassium, pyridoxine, and beta-carotene. In contrast with more modern forms of wheat, evidence suggests the gliadinprotein of einkorn may not be as toxic to sufferers of coeliac disease, though it has yet to be recommended in any gluten-free diet. Much higher in carotene than modern wheats.
Spring planted. Grows 2-3 ft tall. Difficult to thresh and clean Limit: 10 Einkorn packets per customer.
(Select Cultural Info/Seed Codes in green top bar for more details about codes below)
GROW BIOINTENSIVEŽ CULTURAL INFO: C/ Matures 16-20/ Harvest 0-4/ Yield 4-26 grain, 12-72 dry biomass/ Spacing 5"
SEEDS PER PACKET: 25
SOURCE CODE: GB
APPROXIMATE GERMINATION DAYS: 7-10
SOIL TEMPERATURE FOR GERMINATION: 40F
PLANTING DEPTH: 1-1.5"
WHEN TO PLANT: Early spring
PACKET INSTRUCTIONS: Direct sow as soon as ground can be worked or, here in Willits, we start in flats 3 months before our last frost date. In cold regions it may be much later, but start as early as you can. Transplant 5" apart when plants are 2-3" tall. Cease watering when 85% of the seed heads are golden and then harvest when you can't cut seeds with your thumbnail. Harvest plants by cutting stalks as low as possible (leaving roots in the garden bed to decompose; hang them to dry in a cool, ventilated area until they have completely dried. Then thresh and winnow.
BOTANICAL NAME: Triticum monococcum
One packet will plant 4 sq ft when using 5" spacing in the bed.
Picture by Andrea Moro - GNU Free Documentation - Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License